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CertStore.java
package org.bouncycastle.jce.cert;

import java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.NoSuchProviderException;
import java.security.Provider;
import java.security.Security;
import java.util.Collection;

/**
 * A class for retrieving <code>Certificate</code>s and <code>CRL</code>s
 * from a repository.<br />
 * <br />
 * This class uses a provider-based architecture, as described in the
 * Java Cryptography Architecture.
 * To create a <code>CertStore</code>, call one of the static
 * <code>getInstance</code> methods, passing in the type of
 * <code>CertStore</code> desired, any applicable initialization parameters 
 * and optionally the name of the provider desired. <br />
 * <br />
 * Once the <code>CertStore</code> has been created, it can be used to 
 * retrieve <code>Certificate</code>s and <code>CRL</code>s by calling its
 * {@link #getCertificates(CertSelector selector) getCertificates} and
 * {@link #getCRLs(CRLSelector selector) getCRLs} methods.<br />
 * <br />
 * Unlike a {@link java.security.KeyStore KeyStore}, which provides access
 * to a cache of private keys and trusted certificates, a 
 * <code>CertStore</code> is designed to provide access to a potentially
 * vast repository of untrusted certificates and CRLs. For example, an LDAP 
 * implementation of <code>CertStore</code> provides access to certificates
 * and CRLs stored in one or more directories using the LDAP protocol and the
 * schema as defined in the RFC service attribute. See Appendix A in the
 * Java Certification Path API Programmer's Guide for more information about
 * standard <code>CertStore</code> types.<br />
 * <br />
 * <b>Concurrent Access</b><br />
 * <br />
 * All public methods of <code>CertStore</code> objects must be thread-safe. 
 * That is, multiple threads may concurrently invoke these methods on a
 * single <code>CertStore</code> object (or more than one) with no
 * ill effects. This allows a <code>CertPathBuilder</code> to search for a
 * CRL while simultaneously searching for further certificates, for instance.<br />
 * <br />
 * The static methods of this class are also guaranteed to be thread-safe.
 * Multiple threads may concurrently invoke the static methods defined in
 * this class with no ill effects.<br />
 * <br />
 **/
00049 public class CertStore extends Object
{
    private CertStoreSpi storeSpi;

    private Provider provider;

    private String type;

    private CertStoreParameters params;

    /**
     * Creates a <code>CertStore</code> object of the given type, and
     * encapsulates the given provider implementation (SPI object) in it.
     * 
     * @param storeSpi
     *            the provider implementation
     * @param provider
     *            the provider
     * @param type
     *            the type
     * @param params
     *            the initialization parameters (may be <code>null</code>)
     */
00072     protected CertStore(
        CertStoreSpi storeSpi,
        Provider provider,
        String type,
        CertStoreParameters params)
    {
        this.storeSpi = storeSpi;
        this.provider = provider;
        this.type = type;
        this.params = params;
    }

    /**
     * Returns a <code>Collection</code> of <code>Certificate</code>s that
     * match the specified selector. If no <code>Certificate</code>s match
     * the selector, an empty <code>Collection</code> will be returned.<br />
     * <br />
     * For some <code>CertStore</code> types, the resulting
     * <code>Collection</code> may not contain <b>all</b> of the
     * <code>Certificate</code>s that match the selector. For instance, an
     * LDAP <code>CertStore</code> may not search all entries in the
     * directory. Instead, it may just search entries that are likely to contain
     * the <code>Certificate</code>s it is looking for.<br />
     * <br />
     * Some <code>CertStore</code> implementations (especially LDAP
     * <code>CertStore</code>s) may throw a <code>CertStoreException</code>
     * unless a non-null <code>CertSelector</code> is provided that includes
     * specific criteria that can be used to find the certificates. Issuer
     * and/or subject names are especially useful criteria.
     * 
     * @param selector
     *            A <code>CertSelector</code> used to select which
     *            <code>Certificate</code>s should be returned. Specify
     *            <code>null</code> to return all <code>Certificate</code>s
     *            (if supported).
     * 
     * @return A <code>Collection</code> of <code>Certificate</code>s that
     *         match the specified selector (never <code>null</code>)
     * @exception CertStoreException
     *                if an exception occurs
     */
00113     public final Collection getCertificates(CertSelector selector)
            throws CertStoreException
    {
        return storeSpi.engineGetCertificates(selector);
    }

    /**
     * Returns a <code>Collection</code> of <code>CRL</code>s that match
     * the specified selector. If no <code>CRL</code>s match the selector, an
     * empty <code>Collection</code> will be returned.<br />
     * <br />
     * For some <code>CertStore</code> types, the resulting
     * <code>Collection</code> may not contain <b>all</b> of the
     * <code>CRL</code>s that match the selector. For instance, an LDAP
     * <code>CertStore</code> may not search all entries in the directory.
     * Instead, it may just search entries that are likely to contain the
     * <code>CRL</code>s it is looking for.<br />
     * <br />
     * Some <code>CertStore</code> implementations (especially LDAP
     * <code>CertStore</code>s) may throw a <code>CertStoreException</code>
     * unless a non-null <code>CRLSelector</code> is provided that includes
     * specific criteria that can be used to find the CRLs. Issuer names and/or
     * the certificate to be checked are especially useful.
     * 
     * @param selector
     *            A <code>CRLSelector</code> used to select which
     *            <code>CRL</code>s should be returned. Specify
     *            <code>null</code> to return all <code>CRL</code>s (if
     *            supported).
     * 
     * @return A <code>Collection</code> of <code>CRL</code>s that match
     *         the specified selector (never <code>null</code>)
     * 
     * @exception CertStoreException
     *                if an exception occurs
     */
00149     public final Collection getCRLs(CRLSelector selector)
            throws CertStoreException
    {
        return storeSpi.engineGetCRLs(selector);
    }

    /**
     * Returns a <code>CertStore</code> object that implements the specified
     * <code>CertStore</code> type and is initialized with the specified
     * parameters.<br />
     * <br />
     * If the default provider package provides an implementation of the
     * specified <code>CertStore</code> type, an instance of
     * <code>CertStore</code> containing that implementation is returned. If
     * the requested type is not available in the default package, other
     * packages are searched.<br />
     * <br />
     * The <code>CertStore</code> that is returned is initialized with the
     * specified <code>CertStoreParameters</code>. The type of parameters
     * needed may vary between different types of <code>CertStore</code>s.
     * Note that the specified <code>CertStoreParameters</code> object is
     * cloned.
     * 
     * @param type
     *            the name of the requested <code>CertStore</code> type
     * @param params
     *            the initialization parameters (may be <code>null</code>)
     * 
     * @return a <code>CertStore</code> object that implements the specified
     *         <code>CertStore</code> type
     * 
     * @exception NoSuchAlgorithmException
     *                if the requested type is not available in the default
     *                provider package or any of the other provider packages
     *                that were searched
     * @exception InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
     *                if the specified initialization parameters are
     *                inappropriate for this <code>CertStore</code>
     */
00188     public static CertStore getInstance(String type, CertStoreParameters params)
            throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException, NoSuchAlgorithmException
    {
        try
        {
            CertUtil.Implementation imp = CertUtil.getImplementation(
                    "CertStore", type, (String)null,
                    new Class[] { CertStoreParameters.class },
                    new Object[] { params });
            if (imp != null)
            {
                return new CertStore((CertStoreSpi)imp.getEngine(), imp
                        .getProvider(), type, params);
            }
        }
        catch (NoSuchProviderException ex)
        {
        }
        throw new NoSuchAlgorithmException("can't find type " + type);
    }

    /**
     * Returns a <code>CertStore</code> object that implements the specified
     * <code>CertStore</code> type, as supplied by the specified provider and
     * initialized with the specified parameters.<br />
     * <br />
     * The <code>CertStore</code> that is returned is initialized with the
     * specified <code>CertStoreParameters</code>. The type of parameters
     * needed may vary between different types of <code>CertStore</code>s.
     * Note that the specified <code>CertStoreParameters</code> object is
     * cloned.
     * 
     * @param type
     *            the requested <code>CertStore</code> type
     * @param params
     *            the initialization parameters (may be <code>null</code>)
     * @param provider
     *            the name of the provider
     * 
     * @return a <code>CertStore</code> object that implements the specified
     *         type, as supplied by the specified provider
     * 
     * @exception NoSuchAlgorithmException
     *                if the requested type is not available from the specified
     *                provider
     * @exception InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
     *                if the specified initialization parameters are
     *                inappropriate for this <code>CertStore</code>
     * @exception NoSuchProviderException
     *                if the provider has not been configured
     * @exception IllegalArgumentException
     *                if the <code>provider</code> is null
     */
00241     public static CertStore getInstance(String type,
            CertStoreParameters params, String provider)
            throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException,
            NoSuchAlgorithmException, NoSuchProviderException,
            IllegalArgumentException
    {
        if (provider == null)
        {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("provider must be non-null");
        }

        CertUtil.Implementation imp = CertUtil.getImplementation("CertStore",
                type, provider, new Class[] { CertStoreParameters.class },
                new Object[] { params });
        if (imp != null)
        {
            return new CertStore((CertStoreSpi)imp.getEngine(), imp
                    .getProvider(), type, params);
        }
        throw new NoSuchAlgorithmException("can't find type " + type);
    }

    /**
     * Returns a <code>CertStore</code> object that implements the specified
     * <code>CertStore</code> type, as supplied by the specified provider and
     * initialized with the specified parameters. Note: the
     * <code>provider</code> doesn't have to be registered.<br />
     * <br />
     * The <code>CertStore</code> that is returned is initialized with the
     * specified <code>CertStoreParameters</code>. The type of parameters
     * needed may vary between different types of <code>CertStore</code>s.
     * Note that the specified <code>CertStoreParameters</code> object is
     * cloned.
     * 
     * @param type
     *            the requested <code>CertStore</code> type
     * @param params
     *            the initialization parameters (may be <code>null</code>)
     * @param provider
     *            the provider
     * 
     * @return a <code>CertStore</code> object that implements the specified
     *         type, as supplied by the specified provider
     * 
     * @exception NoSuchAlgorithmException
     *                if the requested type is not available from the specified
     *                provider
     * @exception InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
     *                if the specified initialization parameters are
     *                inappropriate for this <code>CertStore</code>
     * @exception IllegalArgumentException
     *                if the <code>provider</code> is null
     */
00294     public static CertStore getInstance(String type,
            CertStoreParameters params, Provider provider)
            throws NoSuchAlgorithmException,
            InvalidAlgorithmParameterException, IllegalArgumentException
    {
        if (provider == null)
        {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("provider must be non-null");
        }
        CertUtil.Implementation imp = CertUtil.getImplementation("CertStore",
                type, provider, new Class[] { CertStoreParameters.class },
                new Object[] { params });
        if (imp != null)
        {
            return new CertStore((CertStoreSpi)imp.getEngine(), provider, type,
                    params);
        }
        throw new NoSuchAlgorithmException("can't find type " + type);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the parameters used to initialize this <code>CertStore</code>.
     * Note that the <code>CertStoreParameters</code> object is cloned before
     * it is returned.
     * 
     * @return the parameters used to initialize this <code>CertStore</code>
     *         (may be <code>null</code>)
     */
00322     public final CertStoreParameters getCertStoreParameters()
    {
        return params;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the type of this <code>CertStore</code>.
     * 
     * @return the type of this <code>CertStore</code>
     */
00332     public final String getType()
    {
        return type;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the provider of this <code>CertStore</code>.
     * 
     * @return the provider of this <code>CertStore</code>
     */
00342     public final Provider getProvider()
    {
        return provider;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the default <code>CertStore</code> type as specified in the
     * Java security properties file, or the string &quot;LDAP&quot; if no such
     * property exists. The Java security properties file is located in the file
     * named &lt;JAVA_HOME&gt;/lib/security/java.security, where
     * &lt;JAVA_HOME&gt; refers to the directory where the SDK was installed.<br />
     * <br />
     * The default <code>CertStore</code> type can be used by applications
     * that do not want to use a hard-coded type when calling one of the
     * <code>getInstance</code> methods, and want to provide a default
     * <code>CertStore</code> type in case a user does not specify its own.<br />
     * <br />
     * The default <code>CertStore</code> type can be changed by setting the
     * value of the "certstore.type" security property (in the Java security
     * properties file) to the desired type.
     * 
     * @return the default <code>CertStore</code> type as specified in the
     *         Java security properties file, or the string &quot;LDAP&quot; if
     *         no such property exists.
     */
00367     public static final String getDefaultType()
    {
        String defaulttype = null;
        defaulttype = Security.getProperty("certstore.type");

        if (defaulttype == null || defaulttype.length() <= 0)
        {
            return "LDAP";
        }
        else
        {
            return defaulttype;
        }
    }
}


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